The primary function of anchors in maintaining a recreational boat’s position is to dig into the seabed and use the weight of the anchor and its chain to keep the boat steady.
Most anchors work by burying themselves into the seabed, with their flukes or spikes digging into the sediment. The type of seabed, such as mud, grass, sand, or rock, will dictate different choices of anchors.
Types Of Anchors Used On Recreational Boats
There are several types of anchors used for recreational boats, each with their own pros and cons. Here is a list of common anchor types and their advantages and disadvantages:
|Fluke-style anchors (Danforth or Lightweight anchors)||Good holding power in sandy and muddy seabeds, Lightweight and easy to store||Not suitable for rocky, grassy, or coral bottoms|
|Plow-style anchors||Good holding power in various bottom conditions, Compatible with a wide range of boat types||Not as effective in soft mud or clay, Awkward to stow|
|Claw anchors (Bruce anchors)||Versatile in various bottom conditions, Sets quickly and reliably||Lower holding power compared to other anchor types|
|Mushroom anchors||Good for soft bottoms like silt and mud, Compact and easy to store||Limited holding power in other bottom condition, Not recommended for larger boats|
|Grapnel anchors||Compact and easy to store, Good for rocky bottoms||Limited holding power in other bottom conditions, Not recommended for larger boats|
What are the best types of anchors for different seabeds
There are various types of anchors designed to work best in different seabed conditions. Here are some of the best anchors for specific seabeds:
- Sand: Pivoting-fluke, plow, and non-hinged scoop anchors are ideal for sandy seabeds. Popular brands include Delta, Danforth, and Rocna1. These anchors are designed to penetrate and hold well in sand.
- Mud: Fluke-style anchors, such as Danforth anchors, are known to hold better in soft mud compared to older plow-style anchors like CQR or Delta3. Mushroom anchors are also suitable for soft bottoms like silt and mud7.
- Rocky Bottom: Grapnel anchors are great for rocky bottoms, as their shape allows the flukes to hook onto inanimate objects and hold strong9. Claw anchors, also known as Bruce anchors, can also dig into various bottom conditions, including rocks4.
- Grassy and Weedy Bottoms: Delta or plow anchors are well suited for soft bottoms, weeds, and grass2. They boast high holding power, making them ideal for windy conditions on open water.
- Coral: Claw anchors are versatile and can dig into various bottom conditions, including coral4. However, anchoring in coral should be avoided when possible, as it can damage the living organisms that make up the coral reef4.
When choosing an anchor for your boat, consider the type of bottom conditions you will encounter and the size of the boat. Also, regularly inspect your anchor and its chain to ensure they are in good condition and functioning properly.